Arctic Territory

A Little History

A little history

The first International Polar Year was held in 1882-1883. It was inspired by an event having successfully taken place more than ten years earlier: the observation of the planet Venus by Germany, France, the United States and the United Kingdom. By reuniting their joint skills, the participating countries realized that they could obtain far better results together.

A little history

In 1882 and 1883, 12 countries, reunited for the advancement of science, thus organized important missions to the Arctic and Antarctica, focusing in particular on climatology and magnetism. Other similar events were held in 1932, then in 1957, involving an ever-greater number of countries. More recently, the 4th International Polar Year was organized for 2007-2008.